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4 Types of Prolapse

About half of American women experience some degree of pelvic organ prolapse, but only 12% require surgery to treat it. Pelvic organ prolapse refers to the loosening or weakening of the muscles and ligaments that support your pelvic organs. 

When the support tissues no longer keep your pelvic organs in place, prolapse can occur. The organs in your pelvis can apply pressure or drop in and out of your vagina and rectum. This can be both uncomfortable and embarrassing. 

To help you get a better understanding of what prolapse is and how it manifests, we asked our NUWAWORLD expert, Dr. Uzoma Nwaubani, to break down the four types of prolapse that may affect you. 

1. Bladder prolapse

The most common type of prolapse is cystocele, the prolapse of the bladder in the vagina. If the prolapse is mild, some women don’t experience any symptoms. Other women may experience urinary incontinence and frequent urinary infections.

2. Uterine prolapse 

Your uterus can slip out of place when the pelvic floor ligaments and muscles are weakened or become too relaxed. Uterine prolapse is characterized by the slipping of the uterus into the vagina or by having the uterus protrude outside the genital organ.

3. Rectal prolapse 

Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum bulges in the back wall of the vagina. This happens when the tissue that separates your vagina and rectum weakens. Chronic constipation, coughing, and menopause can all contribute to the weakening of the rectovaginal wall and cause rectal prolapse. 

4. Urethral prolapse

Urethrocele is the collapse of the urethra — the tube that carries urine — into the vagina. This type of prolapse is often accompanied by the collapse of your rectum in the vagina as well.

Why does prolapse occur?

Several risk factors can contribute to the weakening of your pelvic floor, including:

While organ prolapse isn’t a life-threatening condition, it can cause some upsetting symptoms, including discomfort in the lower tummy, feeling or seeing a lump coming out of your genital organs, and urinary incontinence.

Treatment for organ prolapse 

Many women have no symptoms at all or only experience mild discomfort. If that’s the case for you, losing weight and avoiding heavy lifting may be enough to prevent the prolapse from worsening. 

However, if your prolapse is more severe, there are several treatments to consider, including:

If you suspect you have pelvic prolapse, call our office in Wildwood, Florida, or book an appointment online today.

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